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Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
An International Journal of Physical Therapy
Volume 27, 2011 - Issue 5
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Case Report

Clinical decision making in a patient with secondary hip-spine syndrome

, PT, DPT, OCS, FAAOMPT, , PT, DPT, OCS, FAAOMPT & , PT, PhD, OCS, FAAOMPT
Pages 384-397 | Accepted 13 Jul 2010, Published online: 26 Aug 2010
 

Abstract

The prevalence of lumbar and hip pathology is on the rise; however, treatment outcomes have not improved, highlighting the difficulty in identifying and treating the correct impairments. The purpose of this case report is to describe the clinical decision making in the examination and treatment of an individual with secondary hip-spine syndrome. Our case study was a 62-year-old male with low back pain with concomitant right hip pain. His Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) was 18%, back numeric pain rating scale (NPRS) was 4/10, fear avoidance beliefs questionnaire (FABQ) work subscale was 0, FABQ physical activity subscale was 18, and patient specific functional scale (PSFS) was 7.33. Physical examination revealed findings consistent with secondary hip-spine syndrome. He was treated for four visits with joint mobilization/manipulation and strengthening exercises directed at the hip. At discharge, all standardized outcome measures achieved full resolution. Clinical decision making in the presence of lumbopelvic-hip pain is often difficult. Previous literature has shown that some patients with lumbopelvic-hip pain respond favorably to manual therapy and exercise targeting regions adjacent to the lumbar spine. The findings of this case report suggest that individuals with a primary complaint of LBP with hip impairments may benefit from interventions to reduce hip impairments.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

All photos were graciously taken by Mr David Weil from the University of Colorado Denver Physical Therapy Program. All photos are of a model demonstrating the movements.

Declaration of Interest: The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.

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